The thyroid is a small gland in the neck that plays a major role in regulating the body’s metabolism. If it produces the wrong amount of hormones – either too much or too little – various systems in the body will not function properly.
“With an overactive thyroid, also called hyperthyroidism, you can have problems such as anxiety, sleep trouble, weight loss and irregular heartbeats,” says Victoria E. Adjovu, MD, internal medicine physician at Saint Francis Medical Center. “With a low thyroid, or hypothyroidism, you can have dry skin, constipation, brittle hair and memory problems, and women can have irregular menstruation.”
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